Thirty-one states have set the age of consent at 16, eight at 17 and eleven at 18. Twenty-six states have “Romeo and Juliet” laws, or age limit laws, that legalize sexual activity between underage participants if they are close enough to each other in age. The maximum age differences in these laws vary from state to state. For example, in Colorado, the age of consent is 17, but people under 15 can consent to a partner under four years older, and those under 15 or 16 can consent to a partner up to 10 years older. By comparison, Arizona law sets the age of consent at 18, allowing teens between the ages of 15 and 17 to consent to sex with partners under 24 months of age. Manzoor Butt: “The consumption of illegal toxic alcohol kills hundreds of people every year in Pakistan; GPs must take a more proactive role in saving precious lives”, Middle East Journal of Business, April 2015 The age of majority is set at 18 in all EU Member States except Scotland, where children are considered to have full legal capacity from the age of 16. According to Article 305 of the South Korean Penal Code, the age of consent in South Korea is 20. This is one of the oldest ages of consent in the world. Previously, the age of consent in South Korea was 13, one of the lowest in the world. However, there were significant demands at that age that led to several complicated cases that sometimes seem to contradict each other.
Note: This age is measured in the international age, which starts at zero on the birthday, as opposed to the Korean age, which counts the time spent in the womb and ends on 01. January adds a year, so it is usually 1-2 years older than the international age. While most European countries set the age of consent at 16-17, several others, including Malta and Vatican City, require young people to be at least 18 before legally having sex. The lowest age of consent in Europe is 14, which applies in Austria, Italy, Serbia, Germany and Portugal. Many bachelor`s age correlates with the age of majority, but they are still legally different concepts. You do not need to be of legal age to be authorized to exercise certain rights and obligations. Some bachelor`s degree ages are actually higher than the age of majority. For example, to purchase alcoholic beverages, the licensing age is 21 in all U.S. states. Another example is the voting age, which was 21 before the 1970s in the United States, as well as the age of majority in all or most states.  In the Republic of Ireland, the age of majority is 18, but you must be over 21 to stand for election to the Houses of the Oireachta.
 Also in Portugal, the age of majority is 18, but you must be at least 25 to run for public office and 35 to run for president.  A child legally emancipated by a competent court automatically reaches maturity as soon as the court order is signed. Only emancipation confers the status of maturity before a person is really of age. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) defines children as all “persons under the age of eighteen.” However, there is no definition for the other terms. For example, there is no international law defining “youth” and there are different definitions. In addition, most Member States do not define the terms `child`, `minor`, `young people` and `young people` in general. The application of the conditions varies depending on the regulatory context. Often, the terms are not explicitly defined, but are used in various provisions that add a certain age limit. A person over the age of 21 may have sexual intercourse with a person who is 14 years of age or older, but not yet 16 years of age, provided that his or her inability to self-determine sexually is not exploited. If this is the case, the youngest person should file a complaint against the person over 21 years of age in order to take legal action. Sexual acts performed without consent or with violence in any situation are illegal. Many countries, states or territories also have “close-in-age” exceptions, commonly known as “Romeo and Juliet” clauses.
These laws can eliminate legal liability if all participants in a sexual act are minors (for example, two 16-year-olds). In areas where there are no age-related exceptions, a person who has not yet reached the age of consent may be held liable for sexual activity with another minor. For example, if a country does not have a Romeo and Juliet clause and its age of consent is 16, two 15-year-olds who voluntarily have sex with each other could both be prosecuted for legal rape. The age of consent in Russia is 16. However, as in many countries, the age of consent in Russia has changed several times. The Criminal Code of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) stipulates that consent takes place at the time when “sexual maturity” has been reached. It was set at 16 years in 1996 when the Russian Criminal Code was introduced, lowered to 14 years in 1998 and postponed to 16 years in 2003.